An EMT is an Emergency Medical Technician. EMTs typically are an emergency response medical professional who can quickly assess a patient’s condition, providing fast and effective medical treatment. EMTs are extremely valuable for quick-response deployment onto a scene where proper medical conditions may not exist. But one important note is that EMTs are only as good as their training. That is why EMTs go through extensive EMT Training to prepare for their high stakes and high importance role in our medical industry.
EMTs are broken down into levels based on their training and these standards are set by the NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). EMT-B is an EMT with Basic Training, EMT-I/85 is Intermediate, EMT-I/99 is a Higher Level Intermediate, and an EMT-P is a Paramedic. Other EMT levels vary based on region and include Advanced Practice Paramedics, Critical Care Paramedics, Wilderness Paramedics, and Flight Paramedics.
EMTs can be referred to as Ambulance Technicians, as they are often stationed operating or assisting with ambulatory response to medical emergency calls. An ambulance may carry multiple EMTs and will often be the first responder to the scene of 911 calls. Depending on the area, EMTs may work closely with other emergency response professionals from police or fire departments to coordinate with on-scene response procedures.
Ambulances play a crucial role for hospitals and often serve as the hospital “on the go” for EMTs. Ambulances not only transport injured or ill patients to a hospital, but also carry much needed medical equipment and supplies. One such device would be a defibrillator, which would be operated in emergency situations by the trained EMT. Other equipment and supplies would aid with providing oxygen to patients, controlling blood sugar levels, splitting fractures or broken bones, and controlling bleeding.
An ambulance is termed by the level of EMT training of its crew. A BLS (basic life support) ambulance has only EMT-Bs, an ILS unit (intermediate life support) is equipped with EMT-Is, and an ALS (advanced life support) unit is staffed by paramedics, or EMT-Ps.